Afghanistan

 

View this slide set on the needy war-torn nation in Central Asia and petition God for the salvation of his elect there.

“Operation World” book is source.

 

Click on each slide to enlarge it. 

 

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Pray for radio broadcasts of dramatized New Testament readings in the Dari language. According to our partners, radio is the best tool for mass evangelism and discipleship in Afghanistan. These are beamed in by Trans World Radio. 

The Dari NT is being revised. May it be true to the original manuscripts.

Afghan believers are extremely vulnerable, often isolated and do not know who to trust. May God raise up trained men and women who can disciple others.

Pray for two Afghan evangelists (witnesses) who were attacked on 21 June by five Muslims while they were sharing the Gospel in New Delhi, India. Part of a ministry team that is reaching out to Afghans in India, they were physically assaulted in Central Market, Lajpat Nagar. Team members had been receiving threats that were intended to stop their work. Pray that the evangelists will recover from this incident. Many Afghan converts from Islam have fled to India seeking to escape from persecution in their homeland; pray that they may find the Lord to be a sanctuary for them there (Ezekiel 11:16).

CONVERTS TO ISLAM ENDANGERED AS BRUNEI INTRODUCES SHARIA PENALTIES

Apostasy, leaving Islam, is expected to become a punishable offence under a new sharia penal code that is being introduced in Brunei. Sharia prescribes the death penalty for an adult male apostate.

The government of Brunei promotes the Shafii school of Sunni Islam
The government of Brunei promotes the Shafii school of Sunni Islam
Daniel Weiss / CC BY-SA 3.0

The sultan of Brunei announced on 22 October that the country will be ruled according to sharia law, which will be introduced in phases from April 2014.

Penalties for hudud crimes will be in line with the teachings of the Quran and Sunnah (the deeds and sayings of Muhammed). Hudud crimes include theft, for which sharia requires the amputation of limbs, adultery, which is punished by stoning, and apostasy, which carries the death penalty.

Muslims who insult, mock or deny Islamic teachings may face imprisonment for up to 30 years and 40 strokes of the cane.

While the new penal code is said to be applicable only to Muslims, it clearly poses a danger to converts from Islam, as well as those who help them to follow a different religion. Sharia law can be extended to non-Muslims if they are involved in aiding an offence committed by a Muslim.

Brunei, which is around 70% Muslim, is currently governed by a dual judicial system of British secular laws and sharia mainly for family matters.

Residents are required to carry identity cards that state the holder’s ethnicity; these are used in part to determine whether they are Muslim and thus subject to the existing sharia laws. Ethnic Malays are generally assumed to be Muslim.

The government of Brunei has long promoted the Shafii school of Sunni Islam and discouraged the practice of other religions, despite the country’s constitution protecting the right to religious freedom.

Evangelism by non-Muslims is illegal, while conversion to Islam is vigorously encouraged. Islamic authorities offer incentives to prospective converts, including new homes, financial assistance, electric generators and water pumps.

Non-Muslim public religious gatherings are restricted. All organisations are required to register, and those who take part in the activities of unregistered groups may be fined, arrested and imprisoned.

All businesses, including those belonging to non-Muslims, are required to close for Friday prayers. Those who fail to comply risk losing their licence to operate.

Christians comprise around ten per cent of the population of Brunei.

*******************UPDATE**********************

 

Brunei's Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, pictured in Singapore as his country postponed tough ne

Brunei’s Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah, pictured in Singapore as his country postponed tough new Islamic criminal punishments. Source: AFP

BRUNEI has postponed its implementation of tough Islamic criminal punishments that were due to begin today and which have drawn condemnation from the UN’s human rights office and rare criticism at home.

No confirmed new date was given for the start of the sharia penalties — which will eventually include flogging, severing of limbs and death by stoning — but an official told Brunei media they would begin “in the very near future’’.

Jauyah Zaini, assistant director of the oil-rich sultanate’s Islamic Legal Unit, was quoted by the Brunei Times as saying implementation had been delayed “due to unavoidable circumstances’’. He did not elaborate or give a new date.

Brunei’s Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah — the driving force behind sharia — is visiting Singapore, and the government is believed to be waiting for the all-powerful Islamic monarch to return before introducing the sensitive legal code.

But the delay could feed perceptions of hesitation by the 67-year-old sultan — one of the world’s wealthiest men — who earlier this year faced a backlash from the country’s social-media-savvy citizens.

The new criminal code will phase in punishments, including execution by stoning for offences such as sodomy and adultery, severing of limbs for theft, and flogging for violations ranging from abortion to alcohol consumption.

Authorities have in recent weeks conducted a series of briefings for official agencies and non-government organisations to explain sharia.

“When you’re trying to make such a leap, issues will arise,’’ said Nizam Bashir, a Malaysian attorney and rights activist, who practices both civil and sharia law.

“Once you start getting feedback … then questions will arise that will give them food for thought that will not be in line with their initial conception.’’

However, he said it was unlikely the criminal code will be scrapped.

Brunei currently has a dual-track legal system of civil courts along with sharia courts handling non-criminal issues like marital and inheritance cases.

Authorities said a sharia “declaration ceremony’’ would go ahead as planned on April 30, but gave no other details.

The sultan announced the new punishments last October as part of moves to shore up Islam in the country as a “firewall’’ against outside influences.

But the UN’s human rights office said this month it was “deeply concerned’’, adding that penalties like stoning are classified under international law as “torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment’’.

Nearly 70 per cent of Brunei’s 400,000 people are Muslim Malays while about 15 per cent are non-Muslim ethnic Chinese.

Malays have been broadly supportive of the move by their father-figure sultan.

But users of social media, the only outlet for public criticism of authorities, attacked it as barbaric earlier this year, prompting the sultan to publicly order a halt to criticism in late February.

An non-Muslim ethnic Chinese Bruneian who spoke on condition of anonymity said she was “scared’’ by the legal shift.

“I believe that this will cause a wedge, that was previously a tiny crack, between Muslims and non-Muslims citizens and permanent residents alike,’’ the 28-year-old said.

Non-Muslims also express anxiety over mixed messages on whether the punishments would apply to them.

Situated on Borneo island, which it shares with Malaysia and Indonesia, tiny Brunei already practised a relatively conservative form of Islam compared to its Muslim-majority neighbours, banning the sale of alcohol and heavily restricting other religions.

Officials have said sharia cases would require an extremely high burden of proof and judges would have wide discretion to avoid sharia punishments.

Brunei already has the death penalty, but has not carried out any executions since 1957.

**************LATEST********************

Yesterday (1/5/14), the tiny country of Brunei started to implement full Sharia (Islamic law). Sharia prohibits Muslim parents from surrendering their child into the care of non-Muslims, which means, if their faith comes to light, new believers could have their children taken away. It will now be a criminal act for non-Muslims to share their faith with Muslims and atheists. Teaching religions other than Islam to a child of Muslims or atheists will be illegal. Christians will be banned from using words like Allah (God) and Firman Allah (God’s Word). Pastor Thomas, a church leader in Brunei says, “We pray day and night that the laws won’t push through. But if they do, please pray that God will help us work through this obstacle: not around it, not over it, but through it.” ..

ICC

Widow and orphans

 Colombia is one of the most dangerous places in the world to be a church leader. Between 25 and 30 pastors are killed every year. In areas of traditional religion authorities may try to close down churches and force believers to return to spiritism and animism.These actions violate Article 18 of the Human Rights Declaration.

 

Pastor and his daughter killed by militants. A nine year-old girl Nubia, her father and a woman from their church were shot dead earlier this year  (2013) by two armed men who came to the door of their home. Maximo Suárez Romero was the pastor of a small Christian community in the La Guajira region of Colombia. On the day of the incident, church members were meeting in the pastor’s home for a time of fasting when the attackers camto the door and asked for the pastor. Minutes later, Pastor Suárez, his daughter Nubia and Maylen Cecilia Guevara, a 27-year-old member of the church, had been fatally injured. Another child was also wounded and needed to be treated by doctors. The gunmen, who were able to escape police following the shooting, were reportedly involved in gathering financial support for a revolutionary group. However, Pastor Suárez had strongly refused to give any money to support the group. Pastor Suárez leaves a widow, Aida Sanchez, and three young children,Vanessa, Juliana and David. Here she is with two of her children-look at the sadness etched on her face and theirs.

 

0004

Aida Sánchez, Vannesa,
Juliana and David – Colombia
Pastor Maximo Suárez (37) and his daughter Nubia (9) were shot dead on 12 February 2011 by two armed men who came to the door of their
home. Pastor Suárez led a small Christian community in La Guajira. He leaves a widow, Aida Sanchez (32), and three young children – Vannesa,
Juliana and David. It is children like these that Open Doors’ Secret Children campaign is seeking to support. It is estimated that around 30 million children worldwide are persecuted for their faith. Some are killed. Some are orphans, their parents martyred. Some are separated, father or mother imprisoned. Some are rejected by society or family.

They are the secret children, the sons and daughters of the persecuted church. They never get three wishes, never get any happy ever afters or fairy tale endings.

And their parents face terrible choices: between staying faithful to Jesus or protecting their children; between raising their children as Christians or keeping them physically safe.

In the Arauca region of Colombia there are several widows beginning to take part in and to lead a recovery project with Open Doors to enable them to be strengthened in the Lord.

 

To find out more about the Secret Children and to download resources to help you, your church or your small group to pray, go towww.opendoorsuk.org/secretchildren

 

Source: Open Doors

 

Please pray:

 

1.    That Aida and her children will know God’s comfort, and that Aida will find work so she can support the family

 

2.    For courage and protection for all Christians taking a stand for Christ in Colombia

 

3.    That the Secret Children campaign will raise awareness of the plight of the children of the persecuted church, and that the lives of many children will be transformed as a result.

 

 Manuel Camacho was killed in front of his family 18 months ago -the family pictured below have gone to mother-in -law, killer is still at large. Here are his wife and children. 

 

 

 Pray for Luz Elena, now aged 20 and at university, who spend a number of years in a Christian orphanage with her siblings Leonardo and Emilia. Their mother Rosalbina who was a FARC member who converted, was killed in front of her in 2006. She is estranged from her father and two other brothers.

Pray regarding threats and extortion against church leaders by the illegal ‘Black Eagles’ group around Cordoba.

 

Christian Leaders Plea for Military Help to Disarm Muslim Insurgency, Prevent Genocide

 

Now that the Seleka rebels have either laid down their arms or fled the danger is of Christian vigilante revenge attacks and apparently most Muslims are fleeing the country.

Pray for peace and a new stable government where all citizens have equal rights. Also for the church to bring the only message of real peace and take leadership in rebuilding society. Also for justice to apprehend all murderers, mutilators, thieves and rapists.

Sichuan’s Ethnic Corridor

Introduction to the unreached peoples of SW China

1 SEC (1)

 

The Central, Kham and Amdo Tibetans are the 3 main Tibetans groups of China,
and they each speak Tibetan languages and dialects, though they are mutually
unintelligible.  They also have a written script that also varies somewhat
between languages.  Only Buddhist monks and others who have been educated
can read Tibetan, but these days more and more young Tibetans are able to
read Chinese which they learn at school.  Large portions, if not all the
scriptures are available in Tibetan now, as far as I know.

The peoples of  the Sichuan Ethnic Corridor generally cannot speak or read Tibetan.  Their native languages are Qiangic, which are oral languages.  Those that are literate, again
particularly the younger generation and middle aged, can all read Chinese.
Some linguists here are working on producing audio materials in some of the
main Qiangic languages.The Baima language is not Qiangic, but thought to be something akin to
(though different from) Amdo.

1 SEC (2)

1 SEC (3) (1)

2 Jiarong (0)

2 Jiarong (1)

2 Jiarong (2)

2 Jiarong (3)

 

 

Profile below from Joshua Project (China section peoples)

Joshua project

 

 

Jairong, Chabao.

Identity
The Chabao Jiarong have been counted as part of the Tibetan nationality by the Chinese. “Barkam has a mixed population of Chinese, Jiarong, and Khampa Tibetans. The town was constructed in the 1950s on the site of a regionally important monastery after the Chinese built a road to open up this mountainous region.”Chabao Jiarong – which is not mutually intelligible with the other Jiarong languages – is part of the Qiangic branch of Tibeto-Burman. The Chabao Jiarong have been influenced by the Tibetans more than the four other Jiarong language groups have been. Most can also speak the local dialect of Khampa. Jiarong adults are reported to have a 27% literacy rate. Most scholars in the West (and some in China) believe Jiarong is an independent language, while others think it is merely a dialect of Tibetan. “Political and sociological arguments brought into this discussion tend to cloud objectivity.”History
The Jiarong population has been kept relatively low over the centuries because of wars and disease. In the 1930s it was reported: “Aborigines [minorities] seize and kill members of other nationalities. Abandoned hovels and wasteland due to pillage by them are common sights. Violent attacks on communities as well as government punitive actions against them, cost many tens of thousands of lives.”Customs
The Chabao Jiarong have survived the extreme Barkam winters for centuries. Little fruit or vegetables grow in the area. Their main crop is barley. The Jiarong diet mainly consists of fat, meat, and soured yogurt.Religion
Approximately one-fifth of the Jiarong follow the Bon religion. Bon, a mixture of black magic and demon worship, was the religion of all Tibetans before Buddhism arrived from India during the seventh century AD. Buddhism was incorporated into existing Bon rituals.Christianity
The good news that Christ has defeated the devil has not yet reached the ears of the Chabao Jiarong. Isobel Kuhn once wrote, “The only person who does not believe that the devil is a person is someone who has never attempted to combat him or his ways. The simple tribesman going through his animistic incantations is wiser than such a drugged intellectual. He, at least, knows there is a devil; and he has ways to appease him temporarily.”
Location in Country: Approximately 14,000 speakers of the Chabao Jiarong language live in northwest Sichuan Province. They are primarily concentrated in the Longerjia, Dazang, and Shaerzong townships in Chabao District. Chabao lies within Barkam County in Aba Prefecture. Barkam is called Ma’er-kang by local Jiarong and Tibetans. The Chabao Jiarong live on grassland plateaus between several rivers that run through the region. The Chabao Jiarong dominate the total population of Chabao District.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
People Name in Country: Jiarong, Chabao
Alternate People Names:
Chabao Chiarong
Gyarong Gyarung
Jarong Jiarong
Jyarung Northeastern Jiarong
Northern Jiarong Northern Jyarung
Rgyarong
 
Population in Country: 17,000
Population all Countries: 17,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibetan
Primary Language: Jiarong
 
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division: Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism 90.00 %
Christianity 0.00 % (Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions 9.00 %
 
 
Progress Scale[6] 1.1   Few, if any, known Evangelicals. Professing Christian <=5%
Least-Reached: Yes
GSEC Status: Level 1   Less than 2% Evangelical. Some evangelical resources available, but no active church planting within past 2 years

 

Jiarong, Guanyingqiao in Chinap18508

 
Text source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

Identity
Although the Guanyingqiao Jiarong have officially been classified as members of the Tibetan nationality, they do not even speak a language closely related to Tibetan and are known to have a different history, origin, and customs. Whereas certain Chinese experts were in favor of giving the Jiarong status as a distinct minority group, certain Tibetan leaders are believed to have campaigned for their inclusion in the Tibetan nationality, fearing that the exclusion of the Jiarong would weaken the Tibetan cause.

Guanyingqiao Jiarong is a member of the Qiangic branch of the Tibeto- Burman language family. It is related to Ergong and Shangzhai Jiarong. Despite their small population, studies indicate the existence of eight dialects within Guanyingqiao Jiarong. “Representative local varieties of Guanyingqiao, some very different, include Xiaoyili and Siyaowu in Zamtang County, Muerzong in Barkam County, Guanyingqiao, Ergali, Taiyanghe, Ere and Yelong in Jinchuan County.”

History
Thousands of years ago the various branches of the Jiarong in Sichuan were more closely related to today’s official Qiang nationality. The Jiarong, however, migrated into Tibetan areas and have been culturally assimilated to Tibetan ways.

Customs
Although the dress and most customs of the Jiarong are now identical to their neighboring Tibetans, they proudly retain their ancient stone defense towers, called tianlu, which show their historic relationship with the Qiang peoples.

Religion
Tibetan Buddhism is embraced by all Jiarong people. Polytheism and shamanism are also present. The deities most feared by the Jiarong are the Mountain gods, which they believe dwell inside large mountains and are responsible for most bad things that happen.

Christianity
The extreme geographic remoteness of the Guanyingqiao Jiarong has separated them from gospel witness throughout their history. There are few roads in this sparsely populated part of China, and most local people here have never seen a Westerner. Very few Han Chinese have settled in this part of Sichuan, except for government officials and some adventurous merchants. Few Guanyingqiao Jiarong have ever heard the name of Jesus Christ.

View Jiarong, Guanyingqiao in all countries.

 
Location in Country: Several thousand speakers of the Guanyingqiao Jiarong language live in the remote northwestern part of Sichuan Province. According to linguist Jonathon Evans, “The language is spoken along the tributaries of the Jinchuan River in the southwestern tip of Ma’erkang (Barkam) County, northwestern Jinchuan County, and southeastern Zamtang County. It has been named Guanyingqiao after the district in Jinchuan County which is the focal point of the Guanyingqiaospeaking area.” Although no specific figure for the Guanyingqiao Jiarong has been published, they are believed to number approximately 5,000 speakers. Their location is shared with Tibetans. Very few outsiders have ever ventured as far as the Guanyingqiao area.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
People Name in Country: Jiarong, Guanyingqiao
People Name General: Jiarong, Guanyingqiao
Alternate People Names:
Gyarong Gyarung
Jarong
 
Population in Country: 7,500
Population all Countries: 7,500
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status: Unengaged or Unknown
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibetan
People Name General: Jiarong, Guanyingqiao
Ethnic Code: MSY50z
Ethnic Relationships: Affinity Bloc -> People Cluster -> Peoples Ethnicity Tree
 
Primary Language: Lavrung (7,500 Speakers)
 
 
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division: Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism 90.00 %
Christianity 0.00 % (Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions 9.00 %
 
Progress Scale[6] 1.1   Few, if any, known Evangelicals. Professing Christian <=5%
Least-Reached: Yes

 

Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
5,000 sTodsde Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available Not available 1.1  

Jiarong, Shangzhai in Chinap18509

 
Text source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

Identity
Shangzhai is one of five distinct languages of the Jiarong ethnic group in China (six if Ergong is included). The Jiarong, in turn, were officially placed under the Tibetan nationality by the Chinese authorities, even though their languages are far removed from Tibetan. There has been some talk in Chinese circles of further investigation being conducted to see if the Jiarong should be classified as a separate minority, but officials in Beijing believe the task of classifying minorities has been completed and will not consider any more applications.

Shangzhai Jiarong, and the other Jiarong languages, are members of the Qiangic branch of Tibeto-Burman. Jonathon Evans notes, “This language remains almost totally unrepresented in the available literature except for isolated words and sample paradigms in one source.” Shangzhai seems closer to Ergong than to any other Jiarong languages. The internal diversity of Shangzhai is uncertain but its major local varieties, Dayili, Zongke and Puxi, appear to be quite distinct. The Dayili dialect was included in a survey of Qiangic languages in 1993.

History
The Shangzhai Jiarong are one of many people groups in the area who inhabit what has been labeled an “ethnic corridor.” “This corridor, a borderland of Sino-Tibetan and Yi-Tibetan contact, has been an arena of political tug-ofwar. This is also the area where the so-called Qiang, Di, and Rong ethnic groups lived and thrived and where many local governments of varying power and duration have appeared This area should be fertile ground for exploration by historians as well as linguists.”

Customs
Visually and culturally the Jiarong are similar to the Tibetans who live in the area. Today, the Jiarong dress identically to the Tibetans, eat the same food, and celebrate the same festivals.

Religion
Tibetan Buddhism and spirit appeasement dominate every aspect of the daily lives of the Shangzhai Jiarong.

Christianity
The area inhabited by the Shangzhai Jiarong has been blocked off from Christian presence throughout its history. Lawless bandits, remote mountain ranges rising to 7,000 meters (23,000 ft.) above sea level, lack of roads, and the powerful influence of Tibetan Buddhism have prevented news of Jesus Christ from ever reaching the ears of the unreached Shangzhai Jiarong.

 
Location in Country: More than 4,000 speakers of the Shangzhai Jiarong language live in an isolated and sparsely populated part of northwest Sichuan Province. The area inhabited by the Shangzhai Jiarong was previously part of the Tibetan empire but was annexed by the Chinese and integrated into Sichuan Province. The Shangzhai Jiarong are located “near the confluence of the Doqu River and its tributary, the Zhongke River, in Shili, Zongke and Puxi townships of Shangzhai District, in southern Zamtang County.”
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
People Name in Country: Jiarong, Shangzhai
People Name General: Jiarong, Shangzhai
Alternate People Names:
Gyarong Gyarung
Jarong Shangzhai
 
Population in Country: 5,000
Population all Countries: 5,000
 
Engagement Status: Unengaged or Unknown
Primary Language: sTodsde (5,000 Speakers)
 
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division: Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism 90.00 %
Christianity 0.00 % (Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions 9.00 %
Progress Scale[6] 1.1   Few, if any, known Evangelicals. Professing Christian <=5%
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status: Unengaged or Unknown

 

 

Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
6,800 Lavrung Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available Not available 1.1  

Jiarong, Sidabao in Chinap18510

 
Text source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

Identity
Although they have been officially included as part of the Tibetan nationality, Chinese scholars have considered the Jiarong distinct for several decades. In 1957 the Chinese Academy of Science listed a population of 70,000 Jiarong. One linguist notes, “The Jiarong are within the cultural orbit of Tibetan Buddhism but speak distinct languages.”

Sidabao Jiarong is part of the Qiangic branch of Tibeto-Burman. There are two main dialects of Sidabao: Ribu and Caodeng. Ribu further divides into “several quite different local varieties, such as Shili in Zamtang County, Rongan in Aba County, Ribu proper and Dawei in Barkam County.”

History
One Chinese source claims the Jiarong “are a branch of Tibetans who moved in remote antiquity from Qungbu in Tibet to live in the Songpan Plateau of northern Sichuan.” Buddhism arrived in Tibet during the reign of King Songsten Gampo (c. AD 605-650). It officially replaced the Bon religion and gradually worked its way to the extremities of the Tibetan world, including the area inhabited by the Jiarong today.

Customs
The Jiarong are looked down upon by both the Chinese and the Tibetans. “Those Jiarong in the towns hold no more than low-level clerical jobs, as they are generally poorly educated.”

Religion
There is a revival of the ancient Bon religion in recent years among the Jiarong. For the past 13 centuries, Buddhism has been something of a veneer on ancient Bon rituals. The spiritism and black magic, still prevalent in Tibetan Buddhism, stem from Bon.

Christianity
The few attempts to evangelize the Jiarong in the past met with some success. In 1934 missionaries listed 34 Jiarong believers. Another book from the 1930s lists a number of Jiarong Christians, but presently there is no indication of any believers among them. “Social ostracism of possible converts, and persecution to the extent of the placing of severe curses by the lamas, or poisoning through family members, are other hindrances to spreading the Gospel.”

 
Location in Country: Approximately 5,500 Sidabao Jiarong live in an extremely remote and relatively widespread area of northwest Sichuan Province. “Most of its speakers live in the three townships of Caodeng, Kangshan and Ribu in the Sidabao District of Ma’erkang (Barkam) County, hence the language name Sidabao. Small outlying communities, however, exist both to the north in certain villages of Kehe and Rongan townships at the southwestern corner of Aba County, and, to the west, along the middle Doqu River between Wuyi and Shili townships in Zamtang County, spilling over even to a small area near the confluence of the Sertar and Doqu rivers in Sertar County.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
People Name in Country: Jiarong, Sidabao
People Name General: Jiarong, Sidabao
Alternate People Names:
Gyarung Jarong
Sidabao Western Jiarong
Western Jyarung
Population in Country: 6,800
Population all Countries: 6,800
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status: Unengaged or Unknown
People Name General: Jiarong, Sidabao
 
Primary Language: Lavrung (6,700 Speakers)
 
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division: Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism 90.00 %
Christianity 0.00 % (Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions 9.00 %
 
Progress Scale[6] 1.1   Few, if any, known Evangelicals. Professing Christian <=5%
Least-Reached: Yes
Engagement Status: Unengaged or Unknown

 

3 Ersu (0)

3 Ersu (1)

3 Ersu (2)

3 Ersu (3)

 

Ersu in China

Ersu
Photo source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

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Ersu in China map
Map source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
42,000 Ersu Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available Not available 1.1  

Ersu in China

 
Text source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

Identity
The Ersu are officially part of the Tibetan nationality, but in the 1980s they asked the government to create a new minority, called the Xifan, and to include them under it. The authorities declined. The linguist Sun Hongkai says, “Ersu speakers at different localities have different autonyms: those living at Ganluo, Yuexi and Hanyuan call themselves Ersu, Buerzi or Ersubuerzi; those living at Shimian use Lusu, and those living at Muli, Jiulong and western Mianning Lisu. These different autonyms are dialectal variants of the same word, originally meaning ‘white people’.”

History
Regardless of where the Ersu may have originated, it is known that they have lived in their present location for many centuries. Qiang nomads once ruled western China as far as today’s Inner Mongolia. Gradually their kingdoms broke up and they migrated south and west. The present official Qiang nationality in China only represents a fraction of the original Qiang race. Most were assimilated by larger groups long ago.

Customs
Culturally, the Ersu have been swallowed up by the Tibetans. Almost every aspect of their lives reflects their belief in Tibetan Buddhism.

Religion
The Ersu believe they will be reincarnated when they die and will come back to the earth as a person in a higher social position if they have lived a virtuous life. They will come back as an animal if they lived a wicked life. This belief results in the Ersu having little motivation to help the afflicted among them, as suffering is considered the consequence of a person’s bad karma.

Christianity
There has never been a known church or Christian among the Ersu. The Border Mission of the Church of Christ in China and the American Baptists worked among the related Jiarong people until 1949, reporting 34 converts in 1934. No outreach, however, was ever undertaken to the Ersu.

Prayer Links
PrayerGuard.net
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-07-25
 
Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
 
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file: 1
Location in Country: A 1983 study listed 20,000 speakers of Ersu living along the lower reaches of Dadu River, in seven different counties of southern Sichuan Province in western China. The main centre of Ersu habitation could be said to be Ganluo County.
(Source: Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004)
People Name General: Ersu
Alternate People Names:
Buerzi Douxu
Duoxu Ersu Yi
Ersubuerzi Lisu
Lusu Tosu
 
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 42,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Primary Language: Ersu (42,000 Speakers)
Language Code (ISO): ers    Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 1
Religion [4]
Submit Update: 
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Sub-division: Tibetan
Major Religions:
Buddhism 98.00 %
 
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported

 

 

 

 

4 Baima (0)

4 Baima (1)

4 Baima (2)

4 Baima (3)

 

Baima in China

Baima
Photo source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

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Baima in China map
Map source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Progress
17,000 Baima Ethnic Religions 2.20 % 2.00 % Not available 1.2  

Baima in China

 
Text source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

Identity
The Baima have been counted as part of the Tibetan nationality, but they are clearly a distinct ethnic group who has little to do with Tibetans. They speak their own language, wear their own distinct dress, proudly maintain their own traditions and culture. Perhaps most conclusively of all, they have never been followers of Tibetan Buddhism.

History
The Baima claim to be descendants of the ancient Di tribe. Chinese records from AD 551 mention that “The Di are also called Baima.” One historian states, “The Baima tribe was the largest tribe of the Di nationality, which lived in Gansu, Sichuan and Shaanxi during the Three Kingdoms Period (AD 220-265).” During the Western Zhou Dynasty (1100-771 BC), considerable numbers of Han Chinese migrated to Gansu to live in mixed communities with the Di. Other groups over the course of history – including one Miao clan more than 2,000 years ago – were banished to the remote mountains where the Baima live today. They may have contributed to the current ethnic makeup of the people groups in the region.

Customs
Before marriage Baima youth are allowed to be sexually active, but once married, fidelity is stressed and divorce is considered a disgrace. After they are married, Baima women wear fishbone necklaces and hats made of goatskin and chicken feathers. The Baima live near the home of China’s giant pandas.

Religion
The Baima regard Lord White Horse as the greatest of all gods. Baima tombs are topped with small colorful flags, nine flags for a deceased male and seven for a female. It is said that these flags will lead the souls of the dead into heaven. The Baima also regard the rooster as one of their protective gods. They say that at one time enemy troops were preparing to attack a Baima village in the middle of the night. A rooster crowed loudly and woke up the villagers who were then able to repel the attack.

Christianity
The Baima have never been exposed to the gospel. Their cultural, linguistic, and geographic isolation has blocked them off from the rest of the world. Even Chinese gospel radio broadcasts are unable to access the high remote mountains. It is possible that not one individual among them has ever heard the gospel. The Baima are a good choice for a church or agency wanting to focus on a completely untouched tribe.

Country: China
Continent: Asia
Region: Northeast Asia
Persecution Rank: 37 (Only top 50 ranked, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
10/40 Window: Yes
Total Provinces on file: 1
Location in Country: Approximately 13,700 Baima people live in 14 villages along the Baima (White Horse) Valley, on both sides of the Sichuan-Gansu provincial border. Several recent publications have claimed a Baima population of 110,000, but such a high figure is incorrect. Baima villages are accessible from the town of Wenxian in Gansu Province – 32 kilometers (20 mi.) away.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
 
People Name in Country: Baima
People Name General: Baima
Alternate People Names:
Bai Ma Di
Pe Pingwu Tibetans
White Horse Tibetans
ROP3 Code: 100783
Joshua Project People ID: 10576
Indigenous: Yes
Population in Country: 17,000
Population all Countries: 17,000
Least-Reached: Yes
Affinity Bloc: Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster: Tibeto-Burman, other
e
Primary Language: Baima (17,000 Speakers)
 
Major Religions:
 
Christianity 2.20 % (Evangelical: 2.00 %)
Ethnic Religions 95.80 %
 
GSEC Status: Level 0   No evangelical Christians or churches. No access to major evangelical print, audio, visual, or human resources
Bible Portions: Questionable translation need
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reporte

 

 

 

 

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Namuyi in China

Namuyi
Photo source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

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Namuyi in China map
Map source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Population [2] Language Religion % Christian % Evangl Online NT Jesus Film Progress
8,400 Namuyi Buddhism 0.00 % 0.00 % Not available Not available 1.1  

Namuyi in China

 
Text source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway. Used with permission.

Identity
Although they officially belong to the Tibetan minority, the Namuyi – who call themselves Namuzi in Jiulong and Muli – speak a distinct language belonging to the Qiangic branch. The Namuyi, along with several similar groups such as the Jiarong, Ersu, Shixing, Ergong, and Minyak, have been combined into the Tibetan nationality solely on the basis of their religion.

History
Areas of the western Liangshan Prefecture used to be in a province called Xikang, which was grafted into Sichuan Province in 1939. Xikang was a violent region; murder and banditry were commonplace. “Much of the banditry and lawlessness in Sikang [Xikang] can be traced to the opium trade. Confusion and violent civil strife often break out in opium-growing districts after the harvest. … The prevalence of such lawlessness makes firearms almost a necessity, even for lawabiding citizens.” For more than 200 years, up until the 1950s, the Namuyi were subject to the powerful Chrame Kingdom that was based in Muli. The king ruled with “absolute spiritual and temporal sway” over his subjects.

Customs
The Namuyi practice traditional Tibetan wind burial. Corpses are cut up with an axe into small pieces and placed on a mountaintop. Ravens and other birds of prey descend and devour the flesh and organs. The Namuyi believe this enables the soul of the dead person to be scattered to the four winds.

Religion
Most Namuyi are Tibetan Buddhists, but those who live near the large and influential Nosu group have adopted their polytheistic practices.

Christianity
The Namuyi have yet to hear the gospel for the first time because of their geographic, social, and religious isolation. There are few Christians among any of the ethnic groups in the region. Of the hundreds of self-sacrificing missionaries who gave their lives for China, none is known to have worked in the Namuyi area. C. T. Studd, a well-known sportsman in England, gave up his fame and career to serve Christ in Africa and China. For Studd, the decision was not a difficult one to make. He simply explained, “If Jesus Christ be God and died for me, then no sacrifice can be too great for me to make for Him.”

Location in Country: In 1983 Chinese linguist Sun Hongkai listed 5,000 speakers of the Namuyi language. The majority are located in the western parts of the Liangshan (Cold Mountains) Prefecture in southern Sichuan Province. Although small in number, the Namuyi are geographically widespread, inhabiting parts of Mianning, Muli, Xichang, and Yanyuan counties in the Liangshan Prefecture, in addition to parts of Jiulong County in Garze Prefecture.
(Source: Operation China, 2000)
People Name in Country: Namuyi
People Name General: Namuyi
Alternate People Names:
Nameji Namuzi
 
Population in Country: 8,400
Population all Countries: 8,400
 
Primary Language: Namuyi (8,400 Speakers)
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religions:
Buddhism 95.00 %
Christianity 0.00 % (Evangelical: 0.00 %)
Ethnic Religions 4.00 %
 
New Testament: None Reported
Complete Bible: None Reported

 

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Papua New Guinea (Irian Jaya) genocide

 

Papua  or Irian Jaya is the western half of the island of New Guinea in the South Pacific Ocean.

The Christian church need to know what the Indonesian authorities are doing here, using British-made weapons!
 images

Papuan People.

Only 50 yrs after MAF opened up the interior for pioneer missionaries, Papuan Christians face genocide

By Elizabeth Kendal  (June 2013)
Religious Liberty Prayer Bulletin (RLPB) 215
Special to ASSIST News Service

AUSTRALIA (ANS) — In the 1950s, missionaries working with Mission Aviation Fellowship (MAF) USA and Australia brought the Gospel to the central highlands of the then Dutch New Guinea (the western part of the island of New Guinea). Since then, Indonesia has invaded, occupied, annexed, Islamized, militarized and colonized the region.

Today, the indigenous, predominantly Christian Melanesians of Papua are a suffering and dying people. Like so many persecuted minorities in strategic ‘swing’ states, Papuans find their appalling plight being covered up and whitewashed by powerful forces engaged in ‘realpolitik’, the amoral politics of money and power. As long as Indonesia is a geo-strategically important nation, it will not be in any government’s ‘interests’ to do anything for the Papuans. However, our God is a God ‘who pleads the cause of his people’ and acts! (See Isaiah 51:21-23; Proverbs 22:22,23; and Lamentations 3:55-58).

Selpius Bobii is the General Chairperson of Front Pepera (The United Front for the Struggle of the People of Papua). He is a political prisoner, one of the ‘Jayapura Five’ arrested in the violent military crackdown on the Third Papuan People’s Congress in October 2011 (see RLPB 131, 26 Oct 2011). According to Bobii, ‘The main means of annihilation are overt and covert military operations carried out by the Republic of Indonesia.’ The extreme ethnic and religious hatred that many Javanese Muslim soldiers have for tribal Melanesian Christians fuels the most appalling human rights abuses. On the Internet, there is video of Indonesian soldiers torturing and brutally killing Papuans they abuse as ‘kaffir’ (infidels). Furthermore, the introduction of strong alcohol, worm-infested pork, AIDS-infected prostitutes and compulsory ‘family planning’ are all hastening the decline of the dispirited, indigenous population. On top of all this, Indonesia’s policy of transmigration (encouraging Javanese Muslims to settle in the Christian regions of eastern Indonesia) ensures the indigenous Papuans’ demographic demise. As Bobii notes, researchers at both Yale University, USA, and Sydney University, Australia, have concluded that what is happening in Papua is genocide. [For details see the RLM archive, label ‘Papua’.]

On 21 February 2013, after Indonesia refused to heed community appeals and stop building military outposts on a sacred burial site, Papua independence guerrilla fighters took up arms and resisted. Eight Indonesian Special Forces (Kopassus) soldiers and four non-Papuan civilians were killed in the clash. Thousands of Indonesian security forces subsequently flooded in to ‘sweep’ the communities around Puncak Jaya in the western central highlands. By 26 February at least 18 houses and five GIDI churches [Evangelical Church of Indonesia], two schools and a library in Tingginambut had been razed by the combined police and military forces. Thousands of Papuan civilians have fled into the bush. Evidence is emerging of massacres. Dozens of Papuan civilians are reported to have been plucked from their homes, schools, gardens and churches to be raped, tortured, mutilated, dismembered and decapitated. Despite photographic evidence, the Indonesian government is dismissing the reports of killings and disappearances as ‘rumours’ and propaganda. Yet according to credible reports (27 May), at least 41 Papuan civilians are dead with some 30 missing. Six of the dead were village chiefs and social leaders (including at least one pastor) who had been invited to attend the 9 April inauguration of new Papua Governor Lukas Enembe in Jayapura. They were intercepted, tortured and killed while returning home.

Oxford-based exile and activist, Benny Wenda, laments international ignorance. ‘For the last 50 years we have struggled for freedom but nobody knows that West Papua is a prison, that we are slaves to the Indonesian military and that at least 500,000 men and women have been killed in a genocide,’ he told the Daily Telegraph (12 June 2013 – includes video interview). Papuan Church leaders are deeply concerned about the escalating state violence.

PLEASE PRAY SPECIFICALLY THAT —

  • the Holy Spirit of God will revive and keep the Papuan Church from losing faith; may they call out to ‘God who pleads the cause of his people’ (from Isaiah 51:22 ESV). ‘The Lord is my portion,’ says my soul, ‘therefore I will hope in him.’ (Lamentations 3:24 ESV)
  • the King of kings — who sees all, hears all and knows all — will take up the cause of his people and bring justice, liberty and peace to Papua. (See Isaiah 59:14-19.)
  • the Lord of Hosts will intervene against those who have cruel intent; by frustrating their schemes (Psalm 141:10; 146:9) and by visiting them with transforming amazing grace (Galatians 2:23)

Russia: seven churches burned in one year in Tatarstan

by Nina Achmatova
Political and spiritual leaders concerned about rising fundamentalism in the Russian autonomous republic with a Muslim majority. Spiritual leaders invite people not to give in to provocations. Local priest: ” The Wahhabis are the culprits.”

Moscow (AsiaNews) – Churches burned, attacks foiled and increased pressure on Christians to convert to Islam. In Tatarstan – autonomous republic of the Russian Federation, with a Muslim majority – the extremism alarm is increasing. So much so that the President Rustam Minnikhanov has expressed concern and promised to personally follow the investigations.

As for the fires, and in various parts of the region, the charges  have been formalized as vandalism , and arson,  in violation of freedom of conscience and religion. Investigators insist, however , that they be considered as “acts of terrorism” .

The last year saw Christian seven parishes torched. The last two episodes occurred on 28 and 29 November, as reported by the Regnum.ru  news agency. In 2012 there was a similar case. The attorney general pointed the finger at “unidentified extremists” and the culprits risk up to 20 years in prison .

TATARSTAN- a few hundred miles east of Moscow. Capital Kazan is rich in minerals and farmland.Russia’s largest Muslim minority 5.5 million. Most muslim in name.Possibly 100 churches, mostly Russian speaking.Persecuted by muslims, orthodox and government.NT 2001, Bible nearing completion.

There are Tatar believers and a small Reformed fellowship in Kazan. 

Tatars (Joshua Project)

EGYPT 14 year-old Christian girl abducted

This is a classic case repeated scores of times in this sad society.

Pray for the security and human rights of Christians which was promised after Morsi and Muslim brotherhood came into power (now deposed)

Over 500 Christian girls kidnapped by Muslims since revolution

9th November, 2012

 Sarah Ishaq Abdelmalek (pictured) is a 14-year-old Coptic Christian girl who has not been seen for over a month. Her parents fear that she has been abducted and forced to marry a Muslim man.

Sarah lives in the town of El-Dabaa, about 160 km west of Alexandria on Egypt’s Mediterranean coast. On Sunday 30 September, she was on her way to school with her cousin Miriam when they stopped at a bookshop near the school. Miriam went ahead of Sarah to school, leaving Sarah at the bookshop. Sarah has not been seen since. After filing a missing person report with the police, her father received a phone call to tell him that he would never see his daughter again.

According to a school friend, the 27-year-old shop owner, Mahmoud Abu Zied Abdel Gawwad — the son of a local Salafi leader — had been pursuing Sarah for some time. A friend said that Abdel Gawwad used to wait for her in front of the school to flirt with her, according to Ibram Louis, a founder of the Association for Victims of Abduction and Forced Disappearance.

It is understood that Sarah’s parents have received information that their daughter has married Abdel Gawwad. The local Coptic priest said that the girl’s father is especially concerned because Abdel Gawad is a Salafist. “The police know her whereabouts,” said Father Bigem, “and they make promises to resolve the crisis, but it’s just words.”

On 28 October, the Salafist Front issued a statement warning human rights organisations, especially the National Council for Women, not to attempt to return Sarah to her family, as she has converted to Islam and married a Muslim man. They said “Attempts of the church and human rights organisations to put pressure on the Interior Ministry to return the girl is rejected in form and substance, confirming that the girl has full freedom to convert to Islam and full freedom to marry as long as she has reached puberty and can withstand marriage with its consequences and responsibilities. We will address in any way, attempts to force Sarah to do anything against her freedom.”

Responding to the Salafist Front statement, The Egyptian Coalition on the Rights of the Child filed charges on 31 October with the public prosecutor requesting the return of Sarah and the punishment of her kidnapper. The coalition warned that the kidnapping could lead to sectarian strife and called for prosecution of anyone fomenting sedition in the media. It added that forcing a minor into marriage is a form of punishable sexual exploitation, and that the Salafist Front’s announcement is a violation of laws and conventions on the rights of children.

On 3 November, Mohammed Abdul Salam, the Attorney General of the West Alexandria Prosecutor’s office, ordered the arrest of Mahmoud Abu Zied Abdel Gawwad, alleging that the suspect was behind the kidnapping of Sarah Ishaq Abdelmalek. No arrest has yet been made.

BACKGROUND

Sarah’s case is not unusual as it is well known that fundamentalist Muslim men are being encouraged to seduce and marry Christian girls. Fearing the influence of Christians, Salafi Muslims (hard-line Sunni fundamentalists) oppose all interfaith marriage and want it criminalised; they also want the legal marriage age for girls dropped from 18 to nine.

It is also known that Salafis kidnap Coptic Christian girls for forced conversion and forced marriage to Muslim men. In these cases the Salafis always insist that the girls have converted freely, ensuring that the girls cannot be rescued. As soon as the Salafis assert that the girl is a convert who deserves freedom of religion, the police, local officials and the wider Muslim community will rally to hold on to her as one of their own.

The organisation Association for Victims of Abduction and Forced Disappearance registered 75 such cases of “disappearance” in 2011, but stated that in far more cases families were not willing to register their cases officially.

In July 2012, Christian Solidarity International published a report titled, “Tell My Mother I Miss Her”, subtitled “The Disappearance, Forced Conversions and Forced Marriages Of Coptic Christian Women in Egypt”. Among the key findings of the report are: the numbers of disappearances and abductions are increasing; fewer girls are returning to their families; social media are increasingly used to communicate a victim’s status; and captors sever ties between victims and their families.

Another Egyptian blasphemy case.

Christian teacher jailed for blasphemy.

A Christian teacher accused of blasphemy has been jailed for six years in EgyptBishoy Kamel  from Sohag province was arrested on 30 July after cartoons deemed offensive to Islam and comments against Egyptian President Mohammad Morsi appeared on his Facebook page.

He was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment for “insulting the prophet”, two years for insulting the president and a year for insulting the prosecutor, running consecutively. A court rejected his appeal on 27 September.

Moroccan injustice.

Pray for the release of Jamaa Ait Bakrim

In December of 2005 a Christian man in Morocco by the name of Jamaa Ait Bakrim was arrested for burning down two old, unused wooden posts outside of his home. Almost eight years later, he is still sitting behind bars in the country’s largest prison and still has another 8 years left on his sentence. Why is Jamaa spending more than a decade in jail for destroying a couple of old wooden posts?

Because Jamaa is a Christian who dared to be open about his faith in Christ in one of the strictest Muslim countries of North Africa. The destruction of the posts, which Jamaa had asked for permission to get rid of, was simply an excuse for local police to arrest a man who somehow resisted all of the pressure to hide his Christian beliefs. Most of Jamaa’s 15-years sentence is not for destruction of property, but for “proselytizing”, a crime in Morocco that is rigidly forbidden and punished.

Jamaa’s journey to Christ and his eventual sentencing began decades ago when he converted to Christianity in Europe in the early 1990’s. Within a few years of returning to Morocco Jamaa was rejected by his family, forced into a mental institution, and sentenced to over a year in jail for having the audacity to put up a Christian cross in public.

Somehow undeterred Jamaa continued to be vocal about his faith until police finally found an excuse, the destruction of the wooden posts, to put Jamaa away for as long as possible.

Today, Jamaa needs your help. Without action it is likely that he will remain in prison for another 8 years, but outside pressure could be the key to securing his release. It will also send a message to the Moroccan government that it is unjust to imprison a man simply because he does not hide his faith. Lend your voice to ours, sign our petition and call for Jamaa’s immediate release.

 

 Pray: The first thing you can do to help is stop right now and ask the Lord to intervene on behalf of Jamaa.

Also remember Krimo in the same country presently free but charged with giving a Christian CD to a contact. Siagh Krimo (Prisoners of Faith Alert December 2011). The trial of Siagh Krimo was reconvened on November 19, with the Algerian Christian still charged with blasphemy and harming Islam by proselytising. Krimo does not deny that he preached the gospel, but he denies having blasphemed Islam. The trial has now been postponed to an unannounced date. Two others are in a similar predicament namely Ibouene Mohamed and Habiba Kouider.